Wernicke's Area


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Location:
  • Wernicke's Area is located in the cerebral cortex in the superior temporal gyrus in the left hemisphere. Previously thought to be connected to Broca's Area, the arcuate fasciculus is actually connected to posterior receptive areas.


Functions:
  • Much evidence points towards the use of Wernicke's Area as a center for processing speech.
  • While Wernicke's area plays a vital role in speech processing, so does Broca's Area, another part of the temporal lobe.
  • The temporal lobe is also important in speech processing.
  • Research on Wernicke's Area is still heavily underway.


Without the functioning of Wernicke's Area, there would just be confusion in the mind.
Without the functioning of Wernicke's Area, there would just be confusion in the mind.

Illnesses:
  • Damage to Wernicke's Area can cause a syndrome known as receptive aphasia. This is a situation in which the words used by a person have no actual meaning in their sentence, which is often similarily meaningless. This points towards the key role of Wernicke's Area as far as the understanding of words goes.

Interesting Fact:
  • Wernicke's Area was named for the neurologist from Germany, Karl Wernicke.

Further Learning: