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Pons
Background Information
  • Pons lies in the brainstem in between the medulla and the midbrain and infront of the cerebellum.

  • The word Pons means "bridge" which is fitting because Pons is a bridge like structure that consists of white matter and links the medulla with the higher cortical centers.

  • The pons is linked with movement and face sensations of the human body.


  • A pneumotaxic center in the pons provides a means of inhibiting te respiratory center in the medulla to permit exhaling





Functions of the Pons

  • Helps several areas of the body such as:

    • Sleep

    • Arousal

    • Controlling Autonomic Functions



Nerves of the Pons

  • Trigeminal Nerve- the fifth cranial nerve, responsible for sensations of the face
  • Abducens Nerve- motor nerve, responsible for sideways movement of the eyes
  • Facial Nere- motor nerve, affects the muscles of facial expressions
  • Vestibulocochlear Nerve- sensory nerve, responsible for sending responses from the ear to the brain. It has two parts


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References:

Websites:
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/pons-function.html
http://faculty.ucc.edu/biology-potter/the_brain/sld017.htm
http://members.fortunecity.com/ggrove1/pons.htm
Books:
Human Anatomy and Physiology By: Silverstein Copyright 1980
Understanding Psychology ~ Glencoe by Richard A. Kasschau