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Hypothalamus


Location:
  • The hypothalamus is found right below the thalamus, or directly above the brain stem.
  • Composes the ventral section of the diencephalon.
  • All vertebrates have a hypothalamus in their brain.

Function:
  • The hypothalamus exists as a member of the autonomic nervous system.
  • It will emit neurohormones, which send messages to the pituitary gland to increase or decrease its secretion of hormones.
  • Some of the bodily functions and feelings the hypothalamus affects include sleep, hunger, fatigue, sexual behaviors, and regulation of the body temperature.

external image toddler-sleeping_300.jpg
Illnesses:
  • If the hypothalamus is not functioning properly, it can lead to a disruption of the processes of the pituitary gland. This can lead to distorted growth or the lack thereof, along with other malfunctions of the systems associated with the pituitary gland.


Further Learning: