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  • The hypothalamus is found right below the thalamus, or directly above the brain stem.
  • Composes the ventral section of the diencephalon.
  • All vertebrates have a hypothalamus in their brain.

  • The hypothalamus exists as a member of the autonomic nervous system.
  • It will emit neurohormones, which send messages to the pituitary gland to increase or decrease its secretion of hormones.
  • Some of the bodily functions and feelings the hypothalamus affects include sleep, hunger, fatigue, sexual behaviors, and regulation of the body temperature.

external image toddler-sleeping_300.jpg
  • If the hypothalamus is not functioning properly, it can lead to a disruption of the processes of the pituitary gland. This can lead to distorted growth or the lack thereof, along with other malfunctions of the systems associated with the pituitary gland.

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